Beyond Metabolism: The New Japanese Architecture

From the book of Michael Franklin Ross, AIA

This book was said made by research in part of Fullbright-Hayes Fellowship for Independent Research, with this Fellowship he was able to conduct such a comprehensive survey of Japan’s current architecture and urban design.
This is such a good media to get a picture of Japanese’s architectural development, through the lense of The metabolist group of Japan.

From the family tree (developed by Michael Franklin Ross, AIA) in this book The Five young designers during 1960, who has combined their diverse, futurists urban context were: Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki, Masato Otaka, Kiyonori Kikutake,and Noboru Kawazoe. These young designers consist of four Architects and one architectural journalist.

“Changeability and Flexibility were the key elements that the Melabolist Group Seized upon and explored.
Metabolism, as we know it, is the biological process by which life is maintained through the continuous cycle of producing and destroying protoplasm.
To the Japanese architects who adopted the name, it meant creating a dynamic environment that could live and grow by discarding its outdated parts and regenerating newer, more viable elements”.
To develop a building system that “could cope with the problems of our rapidly changing society, and at the same time maintain stabilized human lives” Noboru Kawazoe,”From Metabolism to Metapolis-Proposal for the City of the Future,” in Urban Structures for the Future, by Justus Dahinden,Praeger Publishers,New York,1972, p.2.

more on
* kisho kurokawa and his writings please visit :
* Fumihiko Maki :
* Kiyonori Kikutake :
* a little bit I found on Masato Otaka:
* And noboru Kawazoe (along with Kenzo Tange) on the Ise Shrine :


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